How to Take Care for Betta?

Betta is one of the most amazingly charming aquatic animals. There are plenty of different reasons to keep it as a pet. Although, their unique and colorful appearance adds up to the beauty of your aquarium. They should not be seen as low-maintenance pets as they require really good care.

The amount of information you find online while searching for Betta care is pretty overwhelming. Thus, if you are also someone who wants to keep Betta fish as a pet, we have got you covered. This extensive Betta care guide gives details of every single thing that you need to know before keeping this charming animal as your pet.


How to make a Betta fish live long?

Average life span in which a Betta fish usually lives is almost 3-4 years. If you want yours to live even longer than this, make sure that you provide the right food at right time, a good environment, optimal light, and mental stimulation.


How to make a proper tank setup for Betta fish?

If you genuinely want to care for your Betta, take out a bit more of your time while setting up their tank. Your fish requires enough space to move around. So, the minimum tank size which you should consider for your Betta is 30 Liter (8 gallons).

To keep the overall temperature of the tank in a required range, you need an adjustable heater too. These fish should be kept in a temperature range of 25 to 28 degrees Celsious (77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit). Make sure to properly cycle your new tank so that the hazardous wastes can be eliminated.


Which foods should be given to the Betta fish?

Betta fish has a carnivorous nature. So, their diet is supposed to contain animal protein as a whole. By this, we mean that tropical fish food and goldfish food are not going to be something that your Betta fish will enjoy eating. However, you can give them foods like flakes or pellets.

To provide Betta fish complete nutrition, give them a variety of different meat-based foods like frozen blood worms and daphnia. Brine shrimps and blood worms are Betta's favorite food. However, you need to control their intake of these foods to avoid obesity.


Should Betta fish be kept with tank mates?

Although Betta fish can be kept with other tank mates, this is something possible yet not preferred usually. It is easy to see why. 

Male Betta fish have long fins on their bodies. It makes them a very attractive target to most aggressive fish. Because of this, many fish keepers prefer to keep their Betta alone. If you have made up your mind of getting your Betta tank mates, the most compatible ones can be small bottom-dwellers such as khuli loaches or Corydoras. Before bringing tank mates, make sure that you have enough space in your aquarium.


How to identify the difference between a healthy and sick Betta?

Taking care of Betta fish requires a little education. Their keepers should be able to easily differentiate between a healthy and sick betta fish. Their health condition decides the type and level of care you need to provide them. Even during purchasing them, you need to check their health condition to avoid sudden death or diseases. Following are the characteristics which will help you differentiate between a healthy and sick Betta fish.


Healthy Betta

Sick Betta

Whenever you try to get close to their habitat, they come upside to investigate.

They do not have any appetite for prolonged periods.

They have aggressive behavior.

They frequently hide and appear lethargic, almost all the time.

They present bright colors, especially Male Betta fish.

They possess full colors, especially Male Betta fish.

They possess undamaged fins on their bodies.

They present with damaged fins, that too with dark edges.

They are usually hungry and eat on regular basis.

They start swimming abnormally and have difficulty in normal breathing.


Does a Betta fish need filtration?

Betta fish is quite different from other fish for several different reasons. One of them is that you can keep this fish in a bowl too, even this is not the optimal solution for your fish. So, whenever kept in a bowl, it is hard to make a proper filtration filtration, and by that you need to do regular water change, as often as every second day.

However, when you are keeping it in a big-sized aquarium, you should go for a water change every week as it helps keep your tank water crystal clear. Cleaning up algae and vacuuming gravel should also be done regularly. It also prevents your Betta from different diseases.


What are the possible diseases and their treatments for Betta fish?

This extensive Betta guide covers a range of Betta fish diseases and their treatments. It is important to examine your fish's illness and go for any possible treatments as it decides the fate of your Betta fish. Following are the diseases to which your Betta fish can get exposed.

  1. Bacterial septicemia.

This is one of the least possible Betta fish diseases, often caused by Streptococcus bacteria or Pseudomonas.


This disease is usually handled by an experienced veterinarian. Your Betta can be medicated with antibiotic medicine in a quarantine aquarium.

  1. Constipation:

Lessen fibers and more protein intake lead to constipation in Betta fish. This condition, although, is curable but needs immediate attention to avoid any further issues.


If your Betta is constipated, the first thing which you have got to do is to fast it. It makes all the constipated feces excrete out. If this one doesn't work, a small amount of daphnia can also help.

  1. Columnaris / Mouth fungus.

It is a bacterial infection that most of the already ill fish are prone to. Poor diet and an unsuitable environment are some of the common causes of this disease. Maintaining high water quality can prevent this infection.


First of all, you should clean the tank by changing water, adding aquarium salt, and vacuuming the gravel. After cleaning the tank, you can treat your Betta with an antibiotic.


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Betta fish is one of the most attractive aquatic animals you can keep in your aquarium to enhance the overall look of your home or office.  Despite all the attractions it has, you need to provide them good care so that they live happily in your aquarium. Their average life span is 3-4 years which can be extended by taking care of them and providing them a high-quality lifestyle. You can treat them with foods like flakes or pellets. For better care, you should be able to differentiate between a healthy and sick Betta. Common characteristics of both conditions have also been described in this extensive Betta care guide.